Ways to quit
If you have decided to quit smoking, you have a variety of options to help you quit. First-line agents for smoking cessation have proved to be effective without excessive side effects. Treatments include nicotine replacement Therapy (NRT) and non-nicotine drug therapy.
- Nicotine replacement Therapy (NRT)
NRT contains nicotine, but without the harmful substances found in cigarettes1. NRT provides nicotine in a lower quantity than a cigarette. It allows your body to gradually adjust to having less nicotine until you no longer need any and, thus, helps you quit smoking.
The therapy comes in various forms such as nicotine gum, patches, lozenges, nasal spray, sublingual tablets, inhaler, etc.1 Nicotine gum is the most preferred form of NRT among smokers when given the choice to select from among the various forms of NRT2.
- Nicotine Gum
Available globally since 19843, nicotine gum is available in India in 2 mg and 4 mg strengths. Nicotine gum is well suited for relief from acute smoking cravings3.Nicotine gum increases smoking cessation rates by 50–70%3.
Individuals who smoke 20 or less cigarettes per day should start with the 2 mg strength and those who smoke more than 20 cigarettes per day should start with the 4 mg strength. Nicotine gum 4 mg should be prescribed by a physician4.
- Non-Nicotine Drug Therapy
Bupropion and varenicline are approved prescription drugs to help patients stop smoking1.
- JAMA 2006; 296(1):130.
- EMHJ 2012; 18(10):1005–09.
- MedGenMed 2005; 7(2):24.
- Indian J Pharmacol 2006; 38(5):320–329.